Symptoms: headache, dizziness, sensitivity to light and sound, difficulty thinking clearly, short term memory loss
Causes: direct blow to or rapid deceleration of head
Physiotherapy: Treatments: manual therapy to reduce headaches, patient education on the progression and prognosis of concussions as well as pacing and planning techniques, therapeutic exercise including both postural exercise as well as ‘brain gym’ exercises
Other Interventions: massage therapy, CT scan in some cases to rule out life-threatening brain injuries, pain or migraine medication, use of sunglasses or earplugs to reduce symptoms